Jasmines rather than a
Jasmines are vining, climbing plants, generally devoid of a hanging system, which hoist themselves a few meters by their twining stems. Some are purely shrubby, but treated as climbing plants in garden. Persistent or deciduous foliage, of variable shape, white, pink or yellow flowering, fragrant at the step, there are more than 200 species. For medicinal use, not all are created equal and if the flowers of the jasmine officinalis or the jasmine sambac, for example, are edible, others can prove to be bothersome if not toxic, such as those of the Carolina jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens) or the Virginia jasmine (Campsis radicans) which are not, by the way.
The cultivation of jasmine
the jasmine evokes regions bathed in sweetness, even exotic, and one would tend to think that it is reserved for hot climates. This is true for some species, but the jasmine officinalis is relatively resistant to being grown in a large part of the country, it supports short frosts of -12°C. If it is sheltered or if it is grown in a pot to be protected in winter, the possibilities of cultivation are quite wide.
Other jasmines are hardy and can be grown in many regions with an oceanic climate, but they are shrubs that often have little or no scent, and if their flowering remains interesting, let’s admit that it’s a little frustrating… Finally, on the veranda, anything goes, including growing the delicious Arabian jasmine in pots.
A prime location
In the ground or in a pot, give an exposure sheltered from cold drafts and humidity, in full sun, and in temperate regions, against a wall or in a corner. A small place is sufficient because the plant is space-saving and can be channeled by simple pruning at any time. Allow 3 to 6 meters in height and a support for its twining stems, the only hanging device for this climber: trellis, wire, stakes…
Good garden soil
The jasmine officinal is accommodating on the nature and the richness of the soil but it obviously thrives in a light and very rich soil, humus-rich and kept cool. Be sure to maintain its fertility (this is the only cultural care) by bringing a copious quantity of organic fertilizer in autumn or early spring: compost, compost or well-decomposed manure, slow-release fertilizer, bone meal, blood dried or roasted horn if you are not a vegan gardener.
Although resistant to drought, ensure regular watering, especially in summer. Water abundantly and let the soil dry out well between two passages.
It is essential for the good performance of jasmine. It consists of removing dead wood at any time, because the plant produces a large number of twigs which dry out and give an unsightly thickness. You can also remove a few stems, among those that have flowered, to lighten the vegetation. Finally, periodically, you can coppice short, by cutting it flush, it leaves with great vigor in the spring.
For good herbal teas…
For a cup, infuse a tablespoon of fresh flowers for about ten minutes in boiling water. Drink an herbal tea 2 to 3 times a day in case of stress or anxiety, or a cup 20 minutes before bed to find sleep.
Jasmine officinalis (Jasminum officinale)
It is the famous jasmine from Grasse where its variety “Grandiflorum” is still cultivated for perfumery, more sensitive to cold than the species. There are also a few varieties with interesting foliage, “Sunrise” with anise green leaves, “Argenteovariegata” with creamy white variegated foliage or “Aurea” with golden leaves. Hardiness – 12°C.
Jasmine polyanthus (Jasminum polyanthum)
Beautiful shrub of 4 meters in height and width, very resistant to drought. Very dense vegetation that can be formed by pruning in a low or medium hedge. Evergreen in mild climates, semi-evergreen to deciduous elsewhere. From March to May, numerous clusters of decorative pink flower buds open into powerfully scented white flowers. Some find its scent too heady. Hardiness – 5 to – 8 °C.
Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum sambac)
The famous jasmine that flavors the tea is a shrub 2 meters high and 1.50 meters wide. Leaves entire, wide, thick and shiny. They are evergreen in mild climates, elsewhere semi-evergreen to deciduous.
Blooms in large, very fragrant white flowers from June to August. It can rebloom more or less all year round depending on the temperature. Hardiness – 5°C.
Or to look pretty in the garden
Jasminum primulinum syn. Jasmine mesnyi
It is also found labeled Jasminum primulinum “Mesnyi”; among the yellow jasmines, it is the favorite of southern gardeners because it is evergreen and blooms from February until April. Sometimes it blooms again in May-June. Vigorous shrub from 4 to 5 meters in all directions, with a flexible habit. Dark green leaves, bright yellow bloom in unscented single or semi-double flowers. Hardiness – 10°C.
Evergreen plant native to South Africa, fairly slow growing growing to 5 meters in height. Slightly thick, wide, dark green leaves. Blooms in early summer in loose clusters of very fragrant white flowers. Hardiness – 4°C.
Large shrub 3 meters high and as wide, evergreen leaves, shiny green, twining stems. Flowering from June to November in very fragrant white flowers that can continue for part of the winter in the mildest regions. Hardiness – 5°C.
The pink jasmines
We must also mention the pink jasmines, but let’s be honest they are not up to the previous ones. Jasminum beesianum produces a large number of slender, very twining stems that roll up on all supports, to grow a few meters high. Quite rustic, it resists to -10°C, and it is undemanding, it is content with all cool soils. In May-June it blooms profusely. Its flowers are very small, of a beautiful deep pink – delicately scented, but you have to put your nose to it – and ultimately quite unspectacular. As for Jasminum x stephanense, it is a horticultural hybrid between Jasminum beesianum and Jasminum officinale. Quite hardy, it grows to almost 6 meters, and gives vigorous vegetation, with slightly downy leaves, which is covered, in summer, with small, fragrant, pale pink flowers, grouped in small bouquets.
Reserve a warm place, against a wall for example. Plant a little deep to bury the root collar. Give good soil, tamp well. Water copiously.
Common name : Jasmine officinalis, jasmine from Grasse
Latin name: Jasmine officinale
Family : Oleaceae Large shrub of 5 meters with robust, twining stems. Leaves cut, deciduous to semi-evergreen, evergreen in the hottest regions, bright green to dark green. White, fragrant, very abundant flowering in June rising slightly in July.
Jasmine is a sedative, antidepressant, spasmolytic, it also has antiseptic properties. If it is mainly used in essential oil, in massage or to disinfect wounds, its flowers also give a simple calming and delicious infusion, recommended to treat sleep disorders and insomnia. Unless we prefer jasmine tea.